Bhutan is the last surviving Buddhist kingdom of the Himalayas, the Buddhist kingdoms of Sikkim, Ladakh and Mustang have been swallowed by their powerful neighbors. To allay threats against its sovereignty Bhutan’s farsighted leaders retained the nation’s independence by executing a policy of self-imposed isolation.
King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck is known as the main architect of Modern Bhutan and at the end of his twenty years reign Bhutan emerged as a modern nation. The revered monarch led the nation through an important period of reformation while still preserving our pristine environment and holding on to our deeply held beliefs and customs. During his reign Bhutan joined the Colombo plan in 1963, and was admitted to the United Nations in 1971. He established schools and hospitals and greatly improved accessibility within the kingdom when a network of roads was established under his rule.
During his reign Bhutan received all round development; in 1953 he established the National Assembly – Bhutan’s first unicameral parliament. The farsighted leader introduced land reforms and Bhutan’s first economic developments plans. Bhutan is still following the economic development plans. His other notable contributions include reorganization of the judicial system and the establishment of the High Court. King Jigme Wangchuck ruled for twenty years from 1952 to 1972 when he succumbed to illness.